For example, since LEMOA signed with the United States in 2016, Indian warships stationed near the Gulf of Aden near the Gulf of Aden, Indian warships have been stocking up on U.S. Navy tankers in the region and have the same flexibility to refuel U.S. Navy ships around the world or, if necessary, to arrive at ports under their control. The versatility and scope of this arrangement have recently been highlighted as INS Kiltan, an Indian Navy anti-submarine warfare army, carried out with the U.S. U.S. navy merchant ship Richard E. Byrd, a Clark-class dry cargo and ammunition ship, in the South China Sea after the signing of the logistics agreement with France in 2018, Indian warships and military aircraft may use the French base in Djibouti, in the Horn of Africa, or the French territory of the Reunion Islands. Ocean for a quick „tour“ of its assets.3 A logistical agreement with Russia would allow the Indian navy access to Arctic seaports that, due to global warming, are likely to be ice-free for long periods in the future. In addition to extending the range of Indian warships, these agreements provide additional operational flexibility for Indian navy long-haul aircraft. The Indian Navy has in inventory the ultra-powerful Boeing P8I it acquired in 2013. The aircraft has a multitude of advanced weapons and sensors capable of attacking both surface and clandestine targets.
With a range of 1200 nm (with four hours on the station) and a speed of 789 km/h, India`s maritime aircraft forms the „first line of defence“ (4). The agreement gives India access to Russian facilities in the Arctic, which sees increased global activity due to the opening of new shipping routes and available resources, officials said earlier. India recently announced investments in Russia`s Far East. After concluding a logistical support agreement with Japan earlier this week, India is now working on three such agreements with Russia, the UK and Vietnam, two official sources said. The agreement with Russia is expected to be signed in October. „The agreement should facilitate the smooth and rapid delivery of supplies and services between Japan`s self-defense forces and the Indian armed forces,“ he said. This story was published from a wireless agency feed without changing the text. In June, the Indian navy conducted a maritime exercise with the Japanese navy to strengthen military cooperation. It is also interesting to note the timing of the logistics agreements of India mentioned with regard to the geostrategic calculation that prevailed at the time. U.S. President Barack Obama announced his „reorientation to Asia“ strategy in 2011. In September-October 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed the ambitious „Silk Road Economic Belt“ and the „One Belt, One Road,“ which was later renamed the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), which preceded more than a decade of aggressive development of maritime infrastructure by China in most of the IOR`s coastal countries around India.
These include the development of islands in the South China Sea, the continued voyages of Chinese warships in the Indian Ocean and the acquisition of a military base in Djibouti. China`s growing economic and military strength therefore required an effective counterweight. It can be inferred that the four logistics agreements signed by India after 2016 were the first LEMOA with the United States.